Brief History of Hungary

896 Under the leadership of Árpád, the seven Magyar (Hungarian) tribes settle in the Carpathian Basin. This is considered the year that Hungary is founded as a nation.
997-1038 King Stephen (István) ruled the country of Hungary. Stephen converted to Christianity and was crowned at Christmas in the year 1000. He was canonized after his death.
1000 The founding of the Hungarian state with the crowning of Stephen.
1222 The Arany Bulla (Golden Bull) was a kind of Magna Carta for Hungary.

1241-42 The Mongol invasion and occupation of Hungary. They destroyed virtually all the cities of Hungary. There is a legend that before the Mongols entered the country, they prayed for the spirits of disunity, hopelessness and depression to go before them, so that Hungary could be easily overwhelmed. As you look at Hungarian society today, it would seem that curse is still present.

1526-1699 Turkish invasion and occupation of Hungary.

1526 The Turks defeated the Hungarians at the battle of Mohács.

1541 The occupation of Buda. Hungary is split into three parts: the Hapsburgs govern the western part of the country; the central area is controlled by the Turks; and the southeast province of Transylvania is somewhat independent. It became the cradle of Hungarian culture.

1686 Liberaton of Buda by the Hapsburg.

1703-11 Ferenc Rákoczi led an unsuccessful war of independence to free Hungary from Hapsburg control.

1825 Lajos Kossuth and Istvan Szechenyi were instrumental in launching a national reform movement for the political and economic transformation of the country.

1848-49 War of independence led by Kossuth. The Hungarians won significant battles but were crushed with the help of the Russian army.

1867 A Dual Monarchy was established with the Hapsburgs which brought short-term benefits to Hungary.

1873 The cities of Pest, Buda and Óbuda unify into Budapest, which becomes a center of European culture.

1896 Hungary celebrates its millennium. Several landmark buildings were constructed for the celebration including the Parliament building. The first underground railway in continental Europe was also built.

1914 Hungary enters World War I with Austria.

1918 Hungary declares independence from Hapsburg Austria.

1920 The Treaty of Trianon: Hungary loses 2/3 of its land mass, many of their natural resources and half of its population.

1939 Hungary sides with Nazi Germany, hoping to regain its losses from Trianon.  

1944 The Nazis occupy Hungary.

1945 The Soviet liberation of Hungary.

1949 One party system was established under Mátyás RAKOSI.

1956 A student revolution against Stalinism takes place between October 23 and November 4. The Soviets crush the rebellion. About 3,000 Hungarians died and another 200,000 fled the country.

1989 Birth of the republic, death of socialist state.   1990 First multi-party elections were held.   1998 Hungary becomes a member of NATO.   2000 Hungary celebrate a millennium of statehood.

2011 The Hungarian Parliament approves the European Union’s most restrictive church law, limiting the number of faith groups recognized by the state.

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